The Domino Theory in the Administration of Eisenhower

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The domino concept was deemed a cold War policy which advisable a communist govt in a one nation would very easily consequence in communist takeovers in neighboring states, each 1 dropping like a flawlessly aimed row of dominoes. In Southeast Asia, the U.S. govt used the now discredited domino principle to justify its involvement in the Vietnam War as properly as its assist for a non-communist dictator in South Vietnam. In actuality, the American tries to quit a communist victory in Vietnam had a lot considerably less of an influence than had been assumed by proponents of the domino basic principle. With the exception of Cambodia and Laos, communism failed to unfold throughout Southeast Asia.By 1950, manufacturers of the U.S. overseas plan had firmly adopted the idea that the spectacular rise of communism in Indochina would immediate quickly guide to the collapse of various other nations in Southeast Asia. The National Security Council presented the principle in a 1952 report on Indochina, as well as in April 1954, during the decisive combat in between French forces and Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu, President Dwight D. Eisenhower articulated it as the falling domino method.In Eisenhower's check out, the decline of Vietnam to communist rule will result in very equivalent communist victories in neighboring international locations in Southeast Asia (which includes Laos, Thailand and Cambodia) and anywhere else (India, Japan, the Philippines, Indonesia, and probably Australia alongside with New Zealand). The achievable results of the reduction [of Indochina], Eisenhower explained, are basically unaccaptable to the cost-free globe.Following Eisenhower's speech, the phrase domino principle began to be utilized as a shorthand phrase of the strategic value of South Vietnam to the United States, and the urgency to end the spread of communism all by means of the globe.Soon after the DOMINOQQ88 Geneva Conference finished the French Viet Minh war as nicely as split Vietnam alongside the latitude called the seventeenth parallel, the United States spearheaded the group of the Southeast Asia Treaty Business (SEATO), a loose alliance of nations committed to using action towards protection threats in the area.John F. Kennedy, the successor of Eisenhower in the White Home, would improve the determination of U.S. supplies in assist of the Ngo Dinh Diem regime in South Vietnam and of non-communist forces battling a civil war in Laos in 1961-62. In the autumn of 1963, soon after serious domestic opposition to Diem arose, Kennedy backed away from assistance of Diem himself but publicly reaffirmed have confidence in in the domino concept as nicely as the benefits of containment of communism in Southeast Asia.3 weeks soon after Diem was murdered in a army coup in before November 1963, Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas. His successor Lyndon B. Johnson keep on employing the domino principle to justify the escalation of the U.S. military presence in Vietnam from only a thousand troopers to much more than 500,000 above the following 5 a long time.The domino theory is today primarily discredited, getting unsuccessful to get into thought the character of the North Vietnamese as effectively as Viet Cong wrestle in the Vietnam War.By assuming Ho Chi Minh was a pawn of the communist giants China and Russia, American policymakers failed to find out that the goal of Ho as properly as his supporters was Vietnamese independence, not the spread of communism.In the long operate, though the American try to block a communist takeover failed, and North Vietnamese forces marched into Saigon in 1975, communism failed to spread throughout the greater part of Southeast Asia. With the exception of Cambodia and Laos, the nations of the area remained out of the communist grip.

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